NLP, or Neuro Linguistic Programming was initially created in 1975 by Richard Bandler and John Grinder. They began studying, learning and then duplicating the "magical results" of leaders in their fields, such as hypnotherapist Milton Erickson, gestalt therapist Fritz Perls and family therapist Virginia Satir. Since then others have gone on to add to the NLP 'kit' of techniques.
NLP helps people change negative beliefs, ineffective behaviours, limiting decisions and unwanted emotions connected to an event or series of events. Our limiting beliefs, decisions, negative emotions and feelings are the reasons we do not achieve what we really want in life.
Neuro refers to the brain and nervous system, Linguistic to the words we use to describe our world and Programming - like computer programmes - relates to the pathways and links we consciously and unconsciously use and make, everyday of our lives. By changing or blocking those links and pathways you can get rid of unhealthy negative emotions and change limiting beliefs and decisions.
As with hypnotherapy and cognitive behaviour therapy, NLP can be used for a number of different issues from phobias to limiting beliefs and negative self-talk. It is also great for goal setting and motivation.
Another NLP technique useful for phobias is the Fast Phobia 'cure'. It's now called the Rewind Technique. This helps people change how they remember and respond to the trigger events leading to their phobia.
A very effective method, that came out of NLP, and which I use, is Timeline Therapy© this guides the client back in time to the first moment when they experienced the negative emotion, such as fear or anger. Having identified that moment they are taken back to before they experienced that emotion or made that unhelpful decision. This process can have profound and lasting effects.
NLP is not only used for personal development, it is effective in business to improve management, sales, achievement, performance and communication and inter-personal skills. Many of the techniques are helpful when it comes to speaking in public.
In the education sector, it aids better understanding of learning styles, helps develop rapport with students and parents and helps motivation.
Another NLP-based therapy, widely used is EMDR, Eye-movement Desensitising Reprocessing. It was developed by Francine Shapiro. This, as it's name suggests, uses eye movement and other sensory elements to change old patterns of response. It was used extensively with service veterans for PTSD, and is now used for many other issues. This was included with my clinical hypnotherapy advanced practitioner diploma.
Another NLP-based therapy is Intergral Eye Movement, developed by Andrew T Austin. Andrew has also developed many ways of working with a clients own representations of their world through Metaphors of Movement, based on the work or Charles Faulkner.