There are two sub-types of OSA
- Apnoea – your throat muscles and tongue relax and collapse sufficiently to totally block the oesophagus for ten seconds or longer.
- Hypopnoea – where the oesphagus is partially blocked. This leads to a reduction in airflow of ten seconds or longer
This programme is to help with the ongoing management of OSA.Central Sleep Apnoea (CSA)
This is caused when the brainstem fails to send the correct signals to your diaphragm which help it to expand and contract. The diaphragm is a very important muscle if it doesn’t work you stop breathing. People diagnosed with CSA need medical intervention, including artificial stimulation of the phrenic nerve to trigger them to breathe naturally.
This programme is not suitable for those with CSA.
CPAP machines can help with both for both types.
OSA is more prevalent than we realise. Studies have shown that approximately 20% of adults worldwide suffer from some form of sleep-disordered breathing, with OSA being the most common type. These numbers highlight the significance of this condition and emphasise the need for effective management strategies.
The causes of OSA can vary among individuals but often include factors such as:
You can find out more from these two sites.Mayo Clinic NHS Inform Website
Cases of OSA often go undiagnosed – possibly by around 80%. When it is diagnosed it is often because:
(a) a bed partner has observed one or more of the ‘stopping breathing’ events and become concerned, triggering a visit to the doctor or a sleep clinic.
(b) when the individual presents to their doctor with extreme tiredness and a sleep test is carried out.